The French Australian Review – No 71 Australian Summer 2021-2022


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JANE GILMOUR & ELAINE LEWIS, Foreword

PATRICIA CLARKE, Australian Connections with the Franco-Prussian War 1870 and the Commune of Paris 1871

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In 1870 the Sydney Morning Herald published reports of the fast-moving Franco-Prussian war from its Paris correspondent Anna Blackwell culminating in her forced departure from the city as it was about to be besieged by Prussian forces. Her graphic eyewitness account of her escape by train to Boulogne was followed in 1871 by an equally graphic account of the operation of the short-lived Paris Commune by Irish-born London-based journalist, Frances Cashel Hoey. Hoey’s eyewitness account, first published in the English periodical the Spectator was widely republished in Australian capital city newspapers leading to her appointment in 1873 by the Victorian weekly the Australasian to write a regular women’s column ‘Society and Fashion’ from London. The Franco-Prussian War was the greatest overseas news story in the Australian press in 1870 and the revolutionary Paris Commune made the city the centre of world interest. Both Anna Blackwell and Frances Cashel Hoey were great reporters who saw immediately that they were witnessing events that would live in history.

Keywords: Franco-Prussian War 1870, Paris Commune 1871, Anna Blackwell, Frances Cashel Hoey, female foreign correspondents, Sydney Morning Herald, Australasian.

WILLIAM A. LAND, The Légion d’Honneur in Australia

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The history of the Légion d’honneur in Australia dates back to the first award which was made to Sir William Macarthur in 1855. The Légion d’honneur is situated in the context of other French awards and its significance in terms of French-Australian relations. An appendix provides an overview of the history of the Société des Membres de la Légion d’honneur.

Keywords: Légion d’honneur, l’Ordre du mérite, military awards, Société des Membres de la Légion d’honneur (SMLH).

DEIRDRE GILFEDDER, Australian Film Festivals in France: Interviews with the Founders of Three Festivals of Australian and New Zealand Cinema

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While Australian cinema occupies only a niche market in France it has found a place with French audiences and in French film culture. The role of three festivals of Australian cinema in making Australian films more widely available is highlighted with the three founding (and current) directors of these festivals.

Keywords: Festival du Film Australian, Le Bout du Monde (Pézenas), Festival du Cinéma Aborigène Australien à Paris, Festival des Antipodes Saint Tropez, Helen Buday, Greta Morgan Elangué, Bernard Boriès, Festival Rochefort Pacifique Cinéma et Littérature, La Rochelle.

ELAINE LEWIS, Australian Art in Paris: Gallery Arts d’Australie Stéphane Jacob

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Stéphane Jacob established Arts d’Australie in Paris in 1996, after a visit to Australia when he first became acquainted with Aboriginal art. The interview that forms this article was based on an article in Le Figaro that appeared in March 2020. The interview covers Jacob’s passionate interest in and extensive knowledge of Aboriginal art and his promotion of this and other Australian art through his gallery in Paris and his links with other cultural institutions in France and Europe.

Keywords: Stéphane Jacob, Guy Cogeval, Isabelle de Beaumont, John Kelly, Musée des Confluences Lyon, Oceanographic Museum of Monaco, Musée du Quai Branly-Jacques Chirac, Editions Arts d’Australie Stéphane Jacob.

MARIE-THÉRÈSE JENSEN, The Droulers Family in Australia

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The links between France and Australia that arose in the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries through the wool industry are many. This article tells the story of the author’s grandfather, Jean Drouler, who came to Australia in 1912 as a junior buyer for Masurel Fils. He and his wife settled in Australia after the First World War and became an integral part of the French community in Sydney. One hundred years later, their descendants now number over one hundred.

Keywords: Masurel Fils, Jean Droulers, French Chamber of Commerce (Sydney), Société de Bienfaisance (French Benevolent Society) (NSW), Jean Trémoulet, French Consul, Playoust family.

PETER MCPHEE, French Australian Encounters no 7: Finding Traces of the French Revolution in the Landscape

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Physical traces of the French Revolution are few and far between in the built environment. Renowned historian of the French revolution recounts his voyages of discovery across France as he has located some of these vestiges.

Keywords: liberty tree Tamniès, Camps-sur-l’Agly, Saint-Julien du Sault, the church during the Revolution, Robespierre, autels de la patrie, ‘vandalism’.

EDWARD DUYKER, Revealing Père Receveur; A Portrait Beneath our Noses

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Claude-François-Joseph Receveur, later known as Père Laurent, was a chaplain and naturalist on board the Astrolabe during Lapérouse’s fateful expedition. He died at Botany Bay, NSW in 1788 and was the first Catholic priest be buried in Australia.

Could he be the friar depicted in two images of the expedition? The author argues that the visual evidence would suggest yes.

Keywords: Lapérouse expedition (1785–1788), Macao, Brazil, Monterey, Gaspard Duché de Vancy.

The Annual Ivan Barko Prize

Awarded to Andrew Montana for his article in The French Australian Review, number 70., ‘Virtue and Sentiment: Madame Mouchette’s Art and Teaching in Melbourne 1881–1892’.

Key words: Andrew Montana, Berthe Mouchette.

BOOK REVIEW

GEMMA KING, Alexis Bergantz, French Connection: Australia’s Cosmopolitan Ambitions

The influence of cultural practices and motifs from France on nineteenth century Australian life.

Keywords: ‘Frenchness’, Alliance Française de Melbourne, New Caledonia, French convicts, World War 1.

BOOK NOTE

ELAINE LEWIS, Paul Wenz, A Coral Eden (Le Jardin des coraux) translated by Maurice Blackman, Sydney, Exile Bay ETT Imprint

A new publication in the Sydney-Paris Link series from ETT Imprint, A Coral Eden was first published in French in 1929.

Keywords: Jean-Paul Delamotte, Paul Wenz, Maurice Blackman, Tom Thompson, Sydney-Paris Link series.

ELAINE LEWIS, French-Australian Bibliographical Notes

Including: a note on a collection of Australian children’s fiction translated into French that has been donated recently to the State Library of Victoria by Dr Helen Frank; and a note on new translations and readings/performances of Australian plays by the Maison Antoine Vitez, Paris, within the context of ‘Australia Now’, an Australian government promotional program in France.

Explorations No 4 – Mar 1987

WALLACE KIRSOP, Foreword

STAN SCOTT, The Incomparable “Kara” (1898-1968)

“Kara” was Nazar Karagheusian, a Paris-born French-speaking personality of Armenian background, who taught French at the University of Melbourne from 1923 to 1957. Although having no formal qualifications, “Kara” was a well-read scholar with an infectious enthusiasm for many aspects of French literature and culture, as well as a sense of fun. An outstanding if unorthodox teacher, he was A.R. Chisholm’s favourite colleague and his best friend. “Kara” retired shortly after Professor Chisholm.

Keywords: Nazar Karagheusian, Madame Marie Karagheusian, ‘Rue de la Paix’ boutique, Theophile Rouel, Melbourne University French Club, A.I.F. Marie Aghassian Scholarship Fund, A.R. Chisholm

IRENE CUNNINGHAM, Mademoiselle Soubeiran (b.France 1859 – d.Sydney 1933)

In this biographical profile of Augustine Soubeiran, the author relies heavily on Fifi Hawthorn’s 1972 book on Kambala Girls’ School. The article reflects the state of knowledge of Mademoiselle Soubeiran’s life at that stage. It discusses her background, her arrival in Sydney in the 1880s, her friendship with Louisa Gurney and her career as co-principal of Kambala. The second part of the article is devoted to Mademoiselle Soubeiran’s participation in the work of the French-Australian League of Help during the First World War.

Keywords: Augustine Soubeiran, Kambala Girls’ School, Louisa Gurney, The French-Australian League of Help, Franco-Prussian War, Légion d’honneur

JOHN McKENZIE, Associations with Neurophysiology and Neurophysiologists in France

The author provides an account of his professional and personal contacts with French colleagues from 1968 to the time of writing in 1985. He describes his collaboration with French specialists of psychophysiology and neurophysiology, especially Professor Denise Albe-Fessard of the Marey Institute in Paris, and her husband, Professor Alfred Fessard of the Collège de France.

Keywords: Professor Denise Albe-Fessard, Professor Alfred Fessard, Lord Adrian, brain research, Mai ’68, University of Melbourne

EDWARD DUYKER, Coutance and the Voyage of the Adèle

In 1803 French-born Mauritian navigator Louis Coutance travelled to Port Jackson on the Mauritius-built and registered Adèle. Coutance’s ship carried 4,000 gallons of Mauritian rum and 430 gallons of Cape wine, as well as some other products. Whilst Governor King allowed him to land his cargo, he indicated that no further trade in spirits or food products would be allowed. After 48 days Coutance, who was most impressed with Port Jackson, returned to Mauritius. He eventually resumed his rank as Lieutenant de vaisseau and served under Decaen, the French governor of Mauritius.

Keywords: Louis Coutance, Mauritius, rum trade, Governor King, Governor Bligh, Lord Hobart, Journal of the voyage of the Adèle, Mitchell Library

BOOK REVIEWS

Monique Dilan, Une île éclatée: analyse de l’émigration mauricienne, 1960-82, reviewed by Edward Duyker

Isabel Ollivier (transcription and translation), Extracts from Journals relating to the visit to New Zealand in May-July 1772 of the French ships “Mascarin” and “Marquis de Castries” under the command of MJ. Marion du Fresne, reviewed by Edward Duyker

ISFAR, Articles of Association