The French Australian Review – No 67 Australian Summer 2019-2020


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JOHN WEST-SOOBY, Foreword

ANGELA GIOVANANGELI, Communal Luxury and the Universal Republic in the Designs and Pedagogy of Lucien Henry
WINNER OF THE 2019 IVAN BARKO AWARD

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Lucien Henry, Paris Communard and Australian artist, has been described by art historians as the most productive and influential artist working in Sydney from 1879 to 1891. He was hailed as one of the first artists to advocate a national art through his use of motifs, symbols and patterns found in the local fauna and flora. Meanwhile, some studies on the Paris Commune refer to the continuing influence of the Communards who, following the popular uprising, worked on projects in various parts of the world and continued the legacy of the Commune. This paper examines some of the ideology and designs of Henry, notably through the letters and articles written by the artist in journals and letters during his period in Australia, to argue that Henry’s artistic and teaching practices in Australia represent the ontology of transculturation as a result of his experience in France during the Paris Commune.

Keywords: Lucien Henry, Paris Commune, Australian decorative arts, transculturation, Australian nationhood, Communal luxury, Universal Republic

Elizabeth RECHNIEWSKI, The Reception of Louise Michel in Australia

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This article explores the representation of Louise Michel’s ideas and activism in the Australian press, in a period when newspapers played such an influential role in the transmission of news and the formation of opinion. The Australian press devoted over two thousand articles and items of news to her in the twenty-five years from late 1880 to early 1905, from her return to France from deportation to the year of her death. In a period of rapid political and social change in Australia, Michel became a reference point and a touchstone for discussion about key issues of the day: the rise of the workers’ movement, the new ideologies of anarchism and socialism, and women’s rights. Moreover, in a period of Franco-British imperial rivalry the papers did not hesitate to use Michel’s case to criticise the ‘illiberal’ political regime in France or that nation’s bellicose intentions. The article focuses on the significance accorded to this controversial figure in the debate over women’s rights in Australia, when Michel was often cited as an example of a ‘political woman’ to be feared, or, more rarely, as a model to be emulated.

Keywords: Louise Michel, women’s rights, Australia, press history

NATALIE EDWARDS AND CHRISTOPHER HOGARTH, French Migrant Writing in Australia: Australianness in Two Female Memoirs from the 2000s

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This article reads the work of Catherine Rey and Marie-Paule Leroux as examples of French-Australian migrant literature. It compares the way these two writers, both of whom moved to Australia from France in mid-life, portray their migration in their literary texts. Reading their work through the lens of recent migration theory, it argues that these texts depart from paradigms that position France as the centre, that place Paris or an alternative urban space as the ultimate destination, or that stage movement between former colony and colonial power. The two writers practise, in different ways, a strategic exoticism that renders their texts attractive to specific audiences within France and Australia.

Keywords: Catherine Rey, Marie-Paule Leroux, migration, transnationalism, exoticism, Global French Literature

DOCUMENTS, NOTES AND REVIEWS

KERRY MULLAN, Melbourne Salon and ISFAR events

2 May 2019, French Cinema, The New Wave and its Legacy, Dr Andrew McGregor

30 May 2019 (Sydney) Communal Luxury in the Designs of Lucien Henry, Angela Giovanangeli

8 August 2019, Book launch: Castaway, author Robert Macklin in conversation with Elaine Lewis

22 October 2019 (Sydney) First Contacts: The Australian Aboriginals and the Artwork of the Baudin Expedition, Emeritus Professor Margaret Sankey

4 November, Dr Emmanuelle Crane, An Intercultural Dialogue: When linguistics are involved in the current French-Australian submarine project

TOM THOMPSON, Obituary, Jean-Paul Delamotte, 1931–2019

Jean-Paul Delamotte devoted 40 years of his life to promoting French-Australian relations, particularly through his translating and publishing of Australian writers and his sub-titling of Australian films. He and his wife, Monique lived and worked in Australia from 1974–76. Back in Paris, he established the Association Culturelle Franco-Australienne (ACFA) in 1980 and also set up a small publishing house, La Petite Maison. They welcomed many visiting Australian writers over the ensuing twenty-plus years. In 1992 Delamotte was made a Member of the Order of Australia (OAM) for his contribution to the promotion of Australian culture.

Keywords: Jean-Paul Delamotte, Association Culturelle Franco-Australienne, La Petite Maison, Editions Tom Thompson, Sydney-Paris Link Series, Paul Wenz

ANGELIQUE STASTNY, Book Review, Hamid Mokkadem, Yeiwene Yeiwene : construction et revolution de Kanaky (Nouvelle Calédonie)

This book published in French in 2018, details the political journey of Yeiwene Yeiwene (1945–1989), one of the leaders of the Kanak independence movement in New Caledonia. The biographer presents him first and foremost as a man of action, close to the people who initiated action at the grassroots level, as well as being a man who took on high positions within institutions and companies. The reviewer acknowledges the importance of this book in documenting the life of this important Kanak leader and encouraging readers to learn more about the struggle for independence in New Caledonia.

Keywords: Yeiwene Yeiwene, New Caledonia, Agency for the Development of Kanak Culture (ADCK), FLNKS, Jean-Marie Tjibaou, the Loyalty Islands

JANE GILMOUR, Book Review, Amanda Curtin, Kathleen O’Connor of Paris

Amanda Curtin is a fiction writer who has adapted her skills as a fiction writer to recreate the story of the life of Kathleen O’Connor. O’Connor left Perth in 1906 and spent many of the next 40 plus years of her life living and working as an artist in Paris. Her work gradually achieved recognition in Paris and she exhibited in the Salons as well as in private galleries. She supplemented her income by working as a decorative artist taking commissions for fabric, wallpaper and furniture designs. She was the author of a regular column for the Perth newspaper in which she described the fashions and social activities in Paris and provided recommendations for people visiting. The biography documents the later years of her life as she struggled to resettle back in Perth. Her work was recognized in Perth with two smaller exhibitions and then a major solo exhibition in 1967 at the Art Gallery of Western Australia. Kathleen O’Connor died in 1968.

Keywords: Kathleen O’Connor, C.Y. O’Connor, Australian artists in Paris, Montparnasse, the Salons, Art Gallery of Western Australia, Town Talk

ELAINE LEWIS, French-Australian Bibliographical Notes

The French Australian Review – No 57 Australian Summer 2014–2015

IVAN BARKO, Foreword

COLIN NETTELBECK, French-Australian Relations – Towards an Historical Perspective

The author argues the need for the construction of a full-scale historical overview of French-Australian relations. In analysing a broad range of the achievements of French-Australian studies as a field of scholarship, it sketches out some of the areas where work still needs to be undertaken, and proposes some general structures to guide the development of the synthesis.

Keywords: French voyages of discovery in the Pacific, French presence in Australia, migration, relationship through trade, diplomacy, Alliance Française, academic study, arts and culture

MARGARET SANKEY, Mirroring the Archives – the Writing of Australian History and the Baudin Expedition

Using her expertise as one of the leaders of the Baudin Legacy Project, the author recounts the history of work on both British and French archival material relevant to Australian history. The use of digital technology has expanded the availability of archival resources to researchers in this country and elsewhere.

Keywords: archival resources, Baudin expedition, Comte Alphonse de Fleurieu, Société de Géographie, Joint Copying Project, Baudin Legacy Project, microfilm, digitization, Archives Nationales

THIERRY VINCENT, The Charles-Alexandre Lesueur Special Collections Before, During and After the Second World War

This article focusses on one of the most significant components of the archives of the Baudin expedition, namely the invaluable Lesueur special collections, and tells the story of their fate before, during and after the Second World War.

Keywords: Charles-Alexandre Lesueur, Baudin expedition, Muséum d’histoire naturelle of Le Havre, Muséum national d’histoire naturelle (Paris), World War II

CLAIRE EDWARDS and KERRY MULLAN, Migration of Young French Professionals to Australia

This article presents the results of a research project on the reactions of young French professionals in Australia on a working visa to their new surroundings. The project explores both the economic outcome of their venture and the psychological aspects of their integration, or lack of it, into the Australian working environment.

Keywords: economic migration, lifestyle, liveability, workplace culture, working holiday visas, Temporary Work (skilled) visas

STEPHEN ALOMES, Le Mal napoléonien and the Global Malaise. A Jospin Festival in Melbourne

This article reflects on former French socialist prime minister Lionel Jospin’s visit to Australia in December 2014 and his recently published book, Le Mal napoléonien.

Keywords: Lionel Jospin, Paul Keating, Napoléon’s myth and legacy, Tom Nairn, European imperialism, political disengagement, the legacy of the Enlightenment.

MARGARET SANKEY, The State Visit to Australia of the French President, François Hollande

A report on the first French presidential visit to this country in November 2014, by François Hollande, focusing on his visit to Sydney and the lunch held in his honour at Kirribilli House.

Keywords: François Hollande, G20 meeting in Brisbane, French businesses in Australia, relationship between France and Australia

PATRICIA CLANCY, Pierre Ryckmans, China Specialist, Public Intellectual and Author of a Minor Literary Masterpiece

PATRICIA CLANCY, Colin Thornton-Smith, a Scholar of French Language and Literature, Astralian Catholicism and French-Australian History

BOOK REVIEWS AND NOTES

Michael Pembroke, Arthur Phillip: Sailor, Mercenary, Governor, Spy, reviewed by Edward Duyker

Edward Duyker, Dumont d’Urville: Explorer & Polymath, reviewed by John Dunmore

Paul de Pierres, Allies Forever / Alliés pour toujours: A record of war service by Frenchmen and Belgians from Australia, note by Elaine Lewis

Ben McCann, Ripping Open the Set: French Film Design, 1930–1939 (New Studies in European Cinema), note by John Emerson

ELAINE LEWIS, French-Australian Bibliographical Notes

Explorations – No 42 Jun 2007

WALLACE KIRSOP, Foreword

ERIC BOUVET & ELIZABETH BOUDET-GRIFFIN, French Migration to South Australia (1955-1971)

In this demographic study the authors provide a concise but comprehensive summary of historical patterns in French migration to Australia at the national level. This is followed by a detailed analysis of data obtained from the Adelaide Branch of the National Archives of Australia, on French migrants who arrived in South Australia between 1955 and 1971.

Keywords: migration, former French colonies in North Africa, May 1968, assisted passage, Alien Registration documents

HORRIE POUSSARD, Horace Remi Poussard: 19th Century Travelling Violonist

This article, by his great grandson, recounts the life of the violinist Horace Poussard, who came to Australia in 1861 and spent many years in Australia teaching, performing and working with other Australian and French musicians.

Keywords: Horace Poussard, Paris Conservatoire, René Douay, Florence Beverley, ‘The Dead Heroes’ (a musical poem), Louise Félicie, Jean (stage name Lottie Montal), Alice Charbonnet-Kellerman

WALLACE KIRSOP, Australian Artists in France

In this note the author reviews an exhibition on the theme of The Long Weekend: Australian Artists in Paris 1918-1939, held at the Bendigo Art Gallery in 2007-2008. A printed catalogue with a preface by the Gallery’s Director, Karen Quinlan

Keywords: Bendigo Art Gallery, Australian artists in Paris

WALLACE KIRSOP, The Huguenot Society of Australia

The purpose of this is to acquaint readers with the existence of the recently formed Huguenot Society of Australia and its publications. Reference is also made to other reference works on the Huguenots and the history of French protestantism which are available in Australia.

Keywords: Huguenots, Huguenot Times, Protestantism, Société de l’Histoire du Protestantisme français

WALLACE KIRSOP, Paul Wenz and Forbes

The author recounts his two visits, in 1994 and 2007 respectively, to Forbes, a major rural centre in NSW, with strong French-Australian connections, where French-Australian writer Paul Wenz and his wife owned a property. The note also contains information on Wenz-related material held in the Forbes Public Library.

Keywords: Paul Wenz, Erica C. Wolff, Joseph Bernard Reymond, Merrill Findlay, Paul WEnz Society

BOOK REVIEWS

Wilga M. Rivers, Down Under/Up Top: Creating a Life, reviewed by Wallace Kirsop

Katherine Barnes, The Higher Self in Christopher Brennan’s Poems: Esotericism, Romanticism, Symbolism, reviewed by Wallace Kirsop

Christine Morrow, Une abominable époque: journal d’une Australienne en France 1940-1941, reviewed by Wallace Kirsop

Laurel Clark, F. F. Baillière, Publisher in Ordinary, Publisher Extraordinary, reviewed by Wallace Kirsop